A sojourn in temperance country
Tiny Indiana town was home to famous evangelist Billy Sunday
A woman enjoys a run on Canal st., next to the canal in The Village at Winona Lake, IN., Wednesday July 6, 2011. (Abel Uribe, Chicago Tribune / October 14, 2011)
The menu suggests ice tea, lemonade or milk for beverages. Though there's no mention of alcohol, beer and wine are available. However — in a throwback to the small town's Bible-thumping, teetotaling days — visitors still have to go to neighboring Warsaw to find hard liquor.
"Whiskey and beer are all right in their place," the town's most famous resident, Billy Sunday, once said. "But their place is in hell."
Even though the famous evangelist's campaign against alcohol goes back more than a century, there are still those in Winona Lake who subscribe to Sunday's temperance testaments.
In 1887 — after a hard night of drinking with his teammates from the Chicago White Stockings — Sunday found his way to a Windy City mission, where he was born again. In 1891, he quit baseball to devote his life to preaching. He became a Presbyterian minister in 1903.
By the time Sunday and his wife built their home here in 1911, Winona Lake was already a center for conservative Christianity. Each summer the Winona Assembly and Summer School was drawing hundreds of thousands of converts to revivals and conferences. The Assembly's board of directors included such famous Americans as lawyer and politician William Jennings Bryan and ketchup king H.J. Heinz.
It was the Assembly's money that built much of what modern-day visitors experience in Winona Lake. But following the departure of a number of religious groups in the 1970s and '80s, the cottages and businesses were abandoned; the tranquil town became a slum.
Now, though, Winona Lake is again a charming community that invites guests to come for a day or a weekend to learn about its history, explore the shops and eateries, and enjoy the many summertime festivals.
The town has one man — and his graduate thesis — to thank for its rebirth.
In 1991, Brent Wilcoxson was working on his master's degree in business administration when he decided to focus on transforming the derelict village into a tourist attraction.
"We're not on the main drag," he said of the town 50 miles southeast of South Bend. "I knew we had to be a destination."
In his thesis, Wilcoxson suggested that the renaissance be based on a European model, with renovated cottages along a quaint canal being transformed into boutiques as well as residences for the shopkeepers.
Using money from his investment business, along with that of co-founder Dane Miller, Wilcoxson began the renovations in 1994. His first project was to convert run-down boardinghouses into single-family homes.
"It was a quality-of-life move, not an investment," Wilcoxson said of the venture, known as The Village at Winona. He is its managing director and biggest advocate.
"Probably 80 percent of what you see in Winona Lake now was in my original business plan," he added.
Footpaths and bicycle trails wind through the community. Bike rentals are available from Trailhouse Village Outdoor Store. In season, folks wishing to explore the waterways can rent canoes and kayaks at the public park and beach.
By land or water, visitors can access the inviting, canal-side offerings. They include art galleries, gift shops, a spa and an upscale restaurant.
Whetstone Woodenware is one of two shops along East Canal Street featuring handcrafted wood items. The owner, John Whetstone, has been making kitchen utensils for 27 years.
"I asked the Lord for something to do," he said. "He laid (woodworking) in my hands."