The sprawling, gleaming development along the Potomac River in Prince George's County boasts expensive stores, a half-dozen hotels, highway access and convention traffic — a combination that has sold many on the idea that it could become Maryland's most lucrative casino location.
Jon Peterson, a principal in the family-owned company that is developing National Harbor, envisions a casino on a slope leading to the Potomac. The site is about a mile from the offices, shops and residences of "downtown" National Harbor, and it's not hard to envision future gamblers drawn from around the world pausing to notice a spectacular sunset before doubling down on the next bet.
But National Harbor's strength — a location considered by many to be ideal for capturing revenue from out-of-state gamblers — is also a political drawback. Some Maryland competitors fear its potential as a money magnet, and they are fighting efforts to win General Assembly approval for a casino site there.
The impact of National Harbor on Maryland's program of raising revenue from gambling will be one of the main topics studied next month by a task force appointed by Gov. Martin O'Malley. And the group's recommendations are likely to be felt in Baltimore, Anne Arundel County and the three other casino sites already approved by the state.
Proponents of the site just south of the Woodrow Wilson Bridge — led by Baker and Senate President Thomas V. Mike Miller — contend that the impact of competition from National Harbor can be offset by cutting Maryland's high gambling tax, and by permitting table games at all casinos in the state.
But the Cordish Cos., owner of the company that will open the Maryland Live! Casino at Arundel Mills on June 6, vehemently disagrees. Joe Weinberg, president of its gaming and resorts division, said it would be "insane" to add a new gambling site in Maryland.
Weinberg said that when Cordish bid on the Arundel Mills site — and poured hundreds of millions of dollars into it — the business plan assumed it would draw millions of customers from casino-free Northern Virginia and Washington. A mega-casino in Prince George's County would siphon off many of those gamblers and "crown Maryland as one of the most oversaturated casino markets in North America," he said.
In Baltimore, both Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake and Caesars Entertainment, the sole candidate for a slots license downtown, have expressed support for a National Harbor site in exchange for permission to add table games. Still, some city lawmakers are concerned that competition from National Harbor would harm the casino planned just south of M&T Bank Stadium.
If the panel can reach a consensus likely to win legislative approval, O'Malley plans to call a special legislative session for July 9 to pass a gambling expansion bill that could put the issue on November's ballot. But agreement is by no means a foregone conclusion.
The potential casino site at the heart of the dispute is a place many Baltimore-area residents have never visited. But National Harbor, which opened in 2008, has echoes of Baltimore's Harbor East, another fast-growing development on a long-ignored slice of land.
So far, developers have marketed it primarily to tourists, conventioneers and Washington-area day-trippers rather than to the broader Mid-Atlantic market.
That could soon change, however. Peterson Cos., the Fairfax, Va.-based company that is developing the complex, plans to step up efforts to sell National Harbor to residents of Baltimore and other parts of the region as a destination for "stay-cations" — long before the first slot machine "ka-ching" could be heard.
Visitors from Baltimore would discover a mixed-use complex anchored by the cavernous, 450,000-square-foot Gaylord National Resort & Convention Center and its 18-story atrium, familiar stores such as South Moon Under and Jos. A. Bank, as well as a marina.
Still in the early stages of its development, National Harbor is sleek, impeccably clean and well-isolated from the grittier areas of Maryland's second-largest county. What it lacks in historical charm can be remedied by a water-taxi trip to Old Town Alexandria or Georgetown.
Peterson said his company isn't depending on a casino to make the project work. It is, he said, already a success.
"We're becoming the destination location — both for the conventioneers and the tourists," said Peterson, the 49-year-old son of family patriarch Milton Peterson.
That's not to say Peterson Cos. is not intensely interested in developing a casino on the site — if it can do so on its own terms. The elder Peterson traveled to Annapolis this year to make a pitch for a National Harbor casino that would rival the glitzy palaces in Las Vegas. The company has no interest in a downscale "slots barn," he said.