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The Holocaust (1934-1945)

How Germany dealt with its symbols of hate

BERLIN The flags were torn down while defeated cities still burned, even as citizens crawling from the rubble were just realizing that the governments they represented had ended. But if essentially the same narrative of defeat played out in Nazi Germany in 1945 and the Confederate States of America in 1865, what happened to the symbols differed greatly. In Germany, where the swastika elicits Adolf Hitler's final solution and the systematic murder of 6 million Jews and 5 million others and helping to incite a world war that killed 60 million to 70 million, such symbols are rarely seen and if they are, only if portrayed against Nazism. The conquering Allies banned their display in...