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The Holocaust (1934-1945)

Jewish family makes claims to prized Passover manuscript

The grandchildren of one of the earliest Jewish victims of the Nazis are laying claim to a jewel of Israel's top museum: the world's oldest illustrated Passover manuscript.

The descendants of a German Jewish lawmaker say the famed Birds' Head Haggadah, a medieval copy of the text read around Jewish dinner tables on Passover, was stolen from their family during the Nazi era and sold without the family's consent 70 years ago to the predecessor of the Israel Museum in Jerusalem — an act the family calls a "long-standing illegal and moral injustice."

The medieval manuscript, which tells the biblical tale of the Israelite exodus from Egypt, has long vexed scholars...