Joseph Crowley

They helped clean up the wreckage of 9/11. Now they face the threat of deportation.

They helped clean up the wreckage of 9/11. Now they face the threat of deportation.

Within days of the terror attack that destroyed the World Trade Center, word spread in the immigrant neighborhoods of New York that workers were desperately needed to aid in the cleanup. The job would pay cash, about $10 an hour — no questions asked about Society Security cards or immigration status.

Then 32, Carlos Cardona had watched with horror from a construction site across the bay in Brooklyn. Although his construction job paid a little better, he felt he ought to pitch in to help the country where he’d lived since his teens, having moved there...

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