PASSINGS: Bill Clements, Arthur Goldreich, John N. Doggett, Sergei Bagapsh, Thomas Graham Duffy
Bill Clements

First GOP Texas governor since Reconstruction

Bill Clements, 94, a two-term Texas governor who in 1979 became the first Republican elected governor in the state since Reconstruction, died Sunday at a Dallas-area hospital, Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst said. Clements had been in failing health for several months, his family said.

"As the father of the modern-day Texas Republican Party, Gov. Clements is responsible for the growth, success and election of Texas Republicans in every corner of our state," Gov. Rick Perry said.

Clements served from 1979 to 1983 but lost his bid for reelection to Democrat Mark White. He defeated White in 1986 to earn his second term.

Clements' second term was marred by his involvement in a pay-for-play football scandal at Southern Methodist University, which led the NCAA to suspend the football program for two years. Clements was chairman of the school's governing board between his terms as governor and acknowledged participating in the decision to let the payments continue.

Clements was born in 1917 in Dallas. He turned down athletic scholarship offers from several colleges to work in south Texas oil fields while his father, a real estate man and farmer, was struggling during the Depression. Clements graduated from Southern Methodist in 1939 and eventually became a multimillionaire oilman.

After heading Richard Nixon's 1972 presidential campaign in Texas, Clements was deputy secretary of defense from 1973 to 1977. He was elected governor in November 1978, defeating Democrat John Hill.

Arthur Goldreich

Anti-apartheid activist helped Nelson Mandela

Arthur Goldreich, 82, an anti-apartheid activist in South Africa who once helped Nelson Mandela hide out on a farm by posing as his employer, died Tuesday in Tel Aviv, the Nelson Mandela Foundation announced. No cause was given.

Goldreich and his family pretended to be the owners of a farm on the outskirts of Johannesburg that was the African National Congress' underground headquarters in the 1960s. Neighbors saw Mandela, known on the farm as David Motsamayi, in blue workers' overalls selling produce on the street.

Mandela later spoke of "numerous political discussions" with Goldreich and of recommending he be recruited into the ANC's armed wing. In his autobiography, Mandela described Goldreich as having fought for Israel's independence.

Mandela was already in prison in 1963 when the farm was raided. Goldreich was among those arrested, but he and three others escaped from a downtown Johannesburg police station. Benjamin Pogrund, a former South African journalist who met Goldreich in Israel, told the Associated Press that Goldreich escaped by promising to bribe a young policeman to open the cell door. Goldreich left South Africa disguised as a priest and eventually settled in Israel.

For years, Pogrund said, Goldreich regretted that the bribe hadn't been paid. He paid the officer after apartheid ended, Pogrund said.

Goldreich, who was born in South Africa in 1929, also was an artist and a designer. He became an architect in Israel and taught at the prestigious Bezalel art and design academy.

John N. Doggett

Southland pastor was active in civil rights movement

The Rev. John N. Doggett, 93, a longtime United Methodist minister who was active in the civil rights movement and was pastor of two Southern California churches, died May 15 after a long illness at Parc Provence, an assisted living facility in Creve Coeur, Mo., his family said.