Government officials and politicians

Spencer M. Williams, 85; federal judge in San Francisco, appointed by President Nixon, who advocated for judges' interests (Jan. 3)

Houston I. Flournoy, 78; GOP assemblyman and controller in California who lost the 1974 governor's race to Jerry Brown (Jan. 7)

Albert H. Bowker, 88; chancellor of UC Berkeley who was a stabilizing force on campus during the student unrest of the 1960s (Jan. 20)

Richard Darman, 64; White House budget director who helped persuade President George H.W. Bush to renege on his "no new taxes" pledge (Jan. 25)

Robert M. Ball, 93; tireless Social Security advocate who was its commissioner under three presidents (Jan. 29)

Earl L. Butz, 98; Agriculture secretary under Presidents Nixon and Ford who was ousted for telling a racist joke (Feb. 2)

Tom Lantos, 80; Democratic U.S. representative from Burlingame, Calif., who was the only Holocaust survivor ever to serve in Congress (Feb. 11)

Evan Mecham, 83; firebrand GOP governor of Arizona who was impeached in 1988 after 15 months in office (Feb. 21)

William F. Buckley Jr., 82; author and conservative commentator who founded the National Review (Feb. 27)

Charles A. Gillespie Jr., 72; career diplomat who opened the first American Embassy in Grenada and later served as an envoy to Colombia and Chile (March 7)

Howard W. Metzenbaum, 90; Democratic U.S. senator from Ohio and self-made millionaire who fought big business in Washington (March 12)

Hal Riney, 75; San Francisco advertising executive who created the "morning in America" campaign for President Reagan (March 24)

William G. Hyland, 79; deputy national security advisor to President Ford and editor of Foreign Affairs magazine (March 25)

Joe Shell, 89; state assemblyman from Los Angeles whose 1962 challenge to Richard Nixon for the GOP gubernatorial nomination showed the emerging strength of the right wing (April 7)

Robert T. Hartmann, 91; key aide and speechwriter for President Ford who served as Washington Bureau chief for the Los Angeles Times (April 11)

Hale Champion, 85; senior member of Democratic Gov. Pat Brown's administration who helped craft major public programs in California in the 1960s (April 23)

William H. Stewart, 86; surgeon general who led anti-smoking crusades and encouraged warnings on cigarette packs (April 23)

DeVan Shumway, 77; spokesman for the Committee to Reelect the President and staunch defender of President Nixon (April 23)