Lurie, who had been in ill health in recent years, died of pneumonia Monday at his home in West Los Angeles, said his son, Dr. Alan Lurie.
He then launched a long career in Hollywood as a top clarinetist for film studios and became a distinguished chamber musician, who may have been best known for his numerous performances with the Budapest String Quartet and the Muir String Quartet.
Pablo Casals, the great Spanish cellist and conductor with whom Lurie once performed, called him the "ideal clarinetist."
"He was the preeminent clarinetist of the latter part of the 20th century, the '50s, '60s and '70s," David Howard, a longtime clarinetist for the Los Angeles Philharmonic, told The Times.
Howard praised Lurie for playing "with an incredible singing quality, with an unmistakable tone and a wonderfully refined musicality."
As a soloist, Lurie performed the 1967 West Coast premiere of Aaron Copland's Clarinet Concerto, with the composer conducting; and he later performed the U.S. premiere of Pierre Boulez's "Domaines," also with the composer conducting.
Lurie made numerous recordings over the decades, but one of the more noteworthy was his CD of the Brahms and Mozart clarinet quintets, which are the central chamber music pieces for the clarinet.
"He recorded both of those with the Muir Quartet, and he did it when he was 70 years old," Howard said. "Any clarinetist will tell you those are the definitive recordings of those pieces."
As a clarinetist for major film studios, Lurie played on the scores for movies such as "The Apartment," "Dr. Zhivago" and "Mary Poppins" and had solos written for him by composers such as Dimitri Tiomkin, Maurice Jarre, Andre Previn and Elmer Bernstein.
In a 2001 story on Lurie in the International Clarinet Assn. journal, The Clarinet, Bernstein described him as "the premier clarinetist in motion picture music and indeed in the world."
Over the years, Lurie also developed reeds, ligatures and mouthpieces that are widely used around the world. His final design for the clarinet world was the Tyro, an inexpensive clarinet made in China for beginners that entered the market last year.
Lurie joined the faculty at USC in 1952 and taught clarinet and woodwind chamber music there until several years ago. For more than 20 years, he performed similar duties at the Music Academy of the West in the summer.
He also presented clinics, seminars and workshops across the United States and around the world, including heading the First International Clarinet Seminar in Sydney, Australia, in 1976.
Howard, who took private clarinet lessons from Lurie in the 1970s and later taught alongside him at USC, described Lurie, the teacher, as "gentle, generous and always caring."
Born in Brooklyn on March 9, 1922, Lurie soon moved with his family to Los Angeles, where he began playing clarinet at age 10. At 16, he played Mozart's Clarinet Concerto with the Los Angeles Philharmonic under renowned conductor Otto Klemperer.
In 1939, the Belmont High School graduate enrolled in the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia.
In a 1983 interview with The Times, Lurie recalled that during his first year at the institute he was unexpectedly asked to play first clarinet with the Curtis orchestra the day legendary conductor Fritz Reiner made his first appearance of the semester.