Press materials lured buyers to the former Westinghouse industrial building by promising luxury lofts in an about-to-be-gentrified "vibrant neighborhood" -- which just happened to be at the edge of skid row. And buyers bought the condos, near the corner of 5th and San Pedro streets, hoping that the upscale amenities that had surfaced in other parts of town would follow them there.
So when residents of Little Tokyo Lofts noticed a few months ago that a tenant would be moving into the long-vacant, ground-floor retail space of their building, they got excited and started wondering who it would be. A new restaurant or coffee shop? A dry cleaner?
Then they learned that the space was to be filled by a mental health service provider.
The new neighbor has met with protests from some loft dwellers, who argue that their neighborhood has more than enough social services centers aimed at the homeless population and that what they need is more stores and eateries.
"I know where we live," said resident Matthew Heller, who was the first person to buy a unit when the building went condo. "I know the homeless people, and some are friends with me. I understand the neighborhood. . . . I'm not saying not in my backyard. I am saying my backyard is already so full."
The battle over the 6,500-square-foot space in Little Tokyo Lofts underscores one of the biggest issues facing downtown's transformation into a fully functioning residential neighborhood.
So far, residents have been willing to move into pockets of the city, hoping that amenities such as corner markets, bars, drugstores and other shops would follow. And in some places, that has happened. But in many other parts of downtown, the retail simply isn't there.
At the long-awaited Ralphs at the southern edge of downtown, the area's first supermarket in nearly a half century, business has been booming since it opened last year. Other grocery chains, such as Trader Joe's and Whole Foods, have looked at the area, but have yet to announce a move into the city's center.
A plan to bring more restaurants and bars to 7th Street is moving forward. And city officials and business owners recently announced a proposal to revamp the old theater district along Broadway -- with new retailers a big part of the plan.
But in many residential locations, "For Lease" signs still hang in the bright open spaces on the ground floor of newly renovated buildings.
For residents of Little Tokyo Lofts, the retail space in their building had held a particular promise. It represented, just as their own units did, another way that gentrification was taking hold in their corner of the city and that the decades-old concentration of social services in the blocks around their building was coming to an end.
"We are absolutely aware of the area where we moved into," said resident Jack Harding, who moved to the building from Mount Washington 13 months ago. "But that does not mean that we don't have expectations for its improvement."
The owner of the retail space says that he moved the nonprofit to the retail space only after months of searching for a retail tenant had yielded nothing. The nonprofit's director says that the skid row location is not ideal for its clients -- but that the organization couldn't afford rents in the other neighborhoods they had looked.
"It's a hard pill for us to swallow," said Victoria Simon, forensic program director of SSG Central, the mental healthcare provider that moved from a nearby location to Little Tokyo Lofts. "This is not ideal for our clients."
Little Tokyo Lofts aren't actually in Little Tokyo; rather, the building is on the cusp of it and several other neighborhoods: skid row, the Toy District and the Arts District.
Inside the six-story building, which was once used for light industrial purposes, units that sell for $400,000 to $1.2 million each boast ceilings that are 12, sometimes 30 feet high, original steel casement windows and designer kitchens outfitted with stainless steel appliances and granite counter tops. The building's common areas include an open garden courtyard, a pool area and a specially designed dog run.
Outside, the street life reflects the neighborhoods that the building abuts. A green podlike toilet, installed for the use of homeless people who linger nearby, sits at the corner of 5th and San Pedro. A number of homeless service providers are on the block to the south, including the Union Rescue Mission.
In the other direction, wholesale buyers hustle through the Toy District, where crowded stores show off racing cars, silk flowers and women's underwear.