Leo Branton Jr., a civil rights and entertainment lawyer whose stirring defense of '60s radical Angela Davis brought him his most celebrated victory in a six-decade career often spent championing unpopular cases, died of natural causes Friday in Los Angeles. He was 91.
His death was confirmed by his son Tony Nicholas.
Branton, the only African American graduate of Northwestern University's law school in 1948, helped singer Nat King Cole integrate an exclusive Los Angeles neighborhood, defended Communists in McCarthy-era Los Angeles and won misconduct cases against the Los Angeles Police Department decades before Rodney King became a household name.
FOR THE RECORD:
Leo Branton Jr.: In the April 26 LATExtra section, the obituary of attorney Leo Branton Jr. said that Dorothy Dandridge was the first African American actress nominated for an Academy Award. She was the first African American nominated as best actress.
"He was a hero of mine," said Connie Rice, a prominent Los Angeles civil rights attorney who helped lead efforts to reform the LAPD after the King beating.
"All the things I've done, Leo Branton did 50 years before I even thought about going to law school. He saw himself not as a private practitioner out to make money for himself but as a lawyer with the skills to be a champion for black liberation."
Branton earned national attention as co-lead defense attorney at the sensational 1972 trial of Davis, a UCLA professor fired for her Communist beliefs who faced the death penalty when a gun registered in her name was linked to the murder of a Marin County judge.
Davis, who was brought to trial after several months as a fugitive, was acquitted by an all-white jury. The stunning outcome was credited in part to Branton's compelling courtroom style.
On the closing day of the trial, he stood before the jury with an easel holding a drawing of his client wrapped and bound in chains. He ripped down that drawing to reveal a picture of Davis unbound, and exhorted the jurors to "pull away these chains as I have pulled away that piece of paper."
He then proceeded to persuasively poke holes in the prosecution's case and, with a moving summary of centuries of African American history, asked the panel to "understand what it means to be black."
"Certainly his brilliant closing argument had a profound impact on the jury," Davis, now retired from the humanities faculty at UC Santa Cruz, told The Times on Thursday.
"What I most appreciated about Leo's role in the case was his willingness to take seriously others' ideas — including my own," said Davis, who did not testify at the trial but helped question prospective jurors.
Born in Pine Bluff, Ark., on Feb. 17, 1922, Branton was the oldest of five children of taxi company owner Leo Sr. and his schoolteacher wife, Pauline. All five children went to college, including Wiley, who followed his brother into law and represented the nine black students who integrated Little Rock's Central High School.
Branton earned a bachelor's degree from Tennessee State University in 1942 and spent three years in the Army during World War II, where he saw combat in Italy. After the war, he earned a law degree at Northwestern in suburban Chicago and in 1949 moved to California.
Soon after opening a private practice in Los Angeles, he began taking on cases against the LAPD.
In the early 1950s, "I was the only lawyer in Los Angeles filing cases against the LAPD for … malfeasance. I probably filed more cases against the LAPD than the rest of the black bar," he told The Times in an unpublished 2011 interview.
During the same period, he joined civil liberties lawyer Ben Margolis in a headline-generating case against 14 Communist Party members accused of conspiring to advocate the overthrow of the government. The defendants were convicted in Los Angeles in 1952, but Branton and his fellow attorneys won a reversal of the convictions in 1957, when the U.S. Supreme Court drew a distinction between advocating an abstract principle and actually trying to carry out the idea.