175 years of memorable, horrible, humorous and remarkable events that shaped Chicago
Chicago (Zbigniew Bzdak / July 1, 2011)
1866: City completes two-mile tunnel into lake to draw "pure water."
1867: St. Stanislaus Kostka parish is first of many to serve the Polish community.
1868: Lincoln Park Zoo welcomes its first animals, a pair of swans.
1869: Chicago Water Tower erected.
1870: St. Ignatius University opens (later renamed Loyola).
1871: Great Chicago Fire kills at least 300 people and destroys a huge swath of the city.
1872: First African-American police officer hired.
1873: Tribune reports new city directory shows Chicago has 212 churches, 80 newspapers and 31 railroad companies.
1874: Little Chicago Fire destroys 60 acres on Near South Side.
1875: Tribune reports money available to complete long-awaited "drive along the Lake shore on the North Side."
1875: Edgar Rice Burroughs, author of Tarzan and John Carter novels, is born in Chicago.
1876: The team that would eventually be called the Chicago Cubs wins the National League's first title.
1877: Pacific Garden Mission begins offering refuge to the downtrodden.
1878: Fire pole invented in a Chicago firehouse.
1879: Union League Club of Chicago organized.
1880: Rabbi Emil Hirsch takes over Chicago Sinai Congregation and builds it into city's largest.
1880: Archdiocese of Chicago is established.
1881: Town of Pullman opens to house railroad car factory workers.
1882: Cable car system clangs into operation; it would grow into one of the world's largest.