Rebecca A. Orenstein, the first woman elected to the Westminster City Council, who was also a Carroll County political and environmental activist, died Aug. 31 of pancreatic cancer at Carroll Hospice Center's Dove House. She was 71.
"Rebecca brought a strong feeling for those who might be shut out of the government process or were disenfranchised. She was an advocate for them," said Donna R. Engle, a former Baltimore Sun reporter who covered Ms. Orenstein.
"And she would not hesitate to challenge authority or those in power," said Ms. Engle, who is now a retired Carroll County lawyer. "She had good instincts. When she believed in something, it was a 100 percent, not 50 percent. The various things she believed in, she was passionate about."
The daughter of a movie theater owner and a registered nurse, the former Rebecca Alexis Watkins was born in Atlanta and raised in Greenville, S.C., where she graduated in 1960 from Taylors High School.
Ms. Orenstein was a medical technologist at Greenville General Hospital before moving to Westminster in 1971, when she enrolled at what was then Western Maryland College, earning a bachelor's degree in 1974.
A longtime resident of Westminster's Pennsylvania Avenue neighborhood, she owned Rebecca Orenstein Photography, a commercial photography business that she operated from her home during the 1980s and 1990s. She later worked for ARC of Carroll County.
What catapulted Ms. Orenstein into politics was a State Highway Administration plan in 1991 that would have denuded the northern section of Pennsylvania Avenue and East Main Street of 43 mature trees as part of a street-widening project.
She was the founder of TreeAction, a citizen watchdog group whose mission was preserving and enhancing neighborhood environments.
When the City of Westminster decided to re-evaluate the plan in the face of persistent opposition from residents, Ms. Orenstein told The Baltimore Sun in a 1991 interview, "This comes as very good news, but we're still watching and waiting."
In a subsequent letter to the editor of The Sun, she wrote, "I strongly believe the citizens of Westminster are pleading with our elected officials to give us a people-focus downtown, plenty of sidewalk width with majestic trees," which she compared to "pedestrian-oriented towns like Frederick and Annapolis."
After Ms. Orenstein invited then-Transportation Secretary O. James Lighthizer to Westminster to see how important the trees were to the charm of the city's downtown, he halted the project and appointed her to a task force that designed an alternative that spared the trees.
In 1991, she became the first woman elected to the Westminster City Council in its 225-year history. During her tenure, she focused on recycling, historic preservation and making government more responsive to citizens' needs.
"People should not have to lament for the past," she told The Sun in a 1993 interview. "Hold your politicians accountable. Encourage them to support preservation of historic districts."
Ms. Orenstein also created a successful Saturday farmers' market downtown, encouraged the police to adopt innovative bicycle patrols and worked to preserve the town's environment.
"As an elected official, I feel responsible to know what's going on locally and in the county," Ms. Orenstein told The Sun in 1991. "I love to talk. I have wonderful conversations with friends. We talk a lot and debate political events on all levels."
In 1994, she decided to run for Carroll County commissioner and was defeated that year when voters elected an all-Republican commissioner board for the first time in 24 years.
Defeated for re-election in 1995, Ms. Orenstein moved to Merida, Mexico, where she taught English for five years, before returning to her Pennsylvania Avenue home in 2000.
Finding that her neighborhood had declined into an area frequented by drug dealers and prostitutes, she formed DrugAction in 2002, a citizens group that took down names and license plate numbers of those engaged in criminal activity.
In response, the city formed the Lower Pennsylvania Avenue Advisory Task Force, that later became the Tri-Street Association, where as a member of the task force, she made recommendations on crime, zoning and code enforcement issues that impacted the neighborhood.
Nearly a decade ago, she played an instrumental role in forming Pennsylvania Avenue block parties that fostered a sense of community.