Benjamin C. Whitten, a prominent Baltimore educator and community activist who served as president of the Baltimore Urban League, died Sept. 21 of cancer at Good Samaritan Hospital. The Morgan Park resident was 89.
"Ben was a true giant in the Baltimore public school system and could easily have been superintendent. He knew the system inside and out," said Dr. Walter G. Amprey, who was superintendent from 1991 to 1997. "He wore many hats and was a giant in both education and civil rights."
"I worked with him and under him. Ben reacted to the students extremely well and was anxious for their achievement. He stood for the kids and pushed teachers to do better," said Lloyd M. Alston Sr., a colleague who retired from city schools in 1984.
"He devoted his time to being out in the school and in the classroom, which was for the benefit of the students. He didn't sit in an office," said Mr. Alston. "He insisted on change and improvement in programs that teachers were teaching to the youngsters."
The son of educators, Benjamin Carr Whitten was born and raised in Wilmington, Del.
"His father died when he was just 6 years old. His mother then began teaching at night and working as a receptionist for a physician during the day in order to provide for the family," said his son, Benjamin C. Whitten Jr. of Baltimore.
Dr. Whitten was 15 when he graduated in 1939 from Howard High School in Wilmington. He then enrolled at Pennsylvania State University, where he became the first African-American member of Iota Lambda Sigma, an industrial arts fraternity, and also joined Omega Psi Phi Fraternity in 1940.
"He made the dean's list for six semesters and graduated with honors. In 1943, he earned a bachelor's degree in industrial education," his son said.
Dr. Whitten was drafted into the Army in 1943 and served with the Transportation Corps in
England and France. He was discharged in 1946 with the rank of master sergeant.
After the war, he worked as a training specialist with the Veterans Administration in Wilmington and Philadelphia, until returning to Penn State in 1947, where he earned his master's degree in 1948 in industrial education. In 1961, he earned a doctorate in education, also from Penn State.
Dr. Whitten began teaching industrial arts in Baltimore in 1948, and was appointed vice principal of Carver Vocational-Technical High School in 1958.
He was vice principal of Edmondson High School from 1963 to 1964, when he was named principal of General Vocational School No. 52, a position he held for two years, until being appointed principal of Cherry Hill Junior High School.
In 1968, he was named director of vocational education for city schools. He retired from that post in 1979.
It was during Dr. Whitten's tenure as director of vocational education that he persuaded Mayor William Donald Schaefer to have the Hollywood Diner, which was used in the films "Diner" and "Sleepless in Seattle," donated to the city for use in training vocational students who were planning food service careers.
Other achievements included using federal funds to expand vocational programs as a supporter of the Vocational Education Act.
He chaired the Urban Vocational Education Task Force for the American Vocational Association and was a founder and president of the National Association of Large Cities' Directors of Vocational Education.
He had been a member of the National Advisory Council for the National Center for Vocational Education at Ohio State University, and had served as a consultant to the U.S. Office of Education's Vocational and Adult Education Division.
"Ben Whitten was a mentor to me and he affected so many people, both students and other leaders in the school system in a positive way," said Dr. Amprey. "When I became superintendent, I commissioned him, Louis Richardson and John Ward to do a strategic five-year plan for me, to take the school system forward, and they did an excellent job."
"He was an outstanding educator," said Benjamin C. Whitten Jr. "His mission was to provide the best possible education to children everywhere, particularly those who have been historically disenfranchised, traditionally marginalized and institutionally undereducated."