John Merzbacher, a former South Baltimore parochial school teacher convicted of raping a student, will remain in prison after the U.S. 4th Circuit Court of Appeals reversed a decision Friday that could have set him free.
In an emotional victory for the former students named in civil lawsuits and identified by prosecutors as his victims, the court ruled that Merzbacher is not entitled to a plea deal that his lawyers argued should have been offered to him nearly 20 years ago.
"This is a man who held a loaded gun to my head at ages 11 and 12 and 13 and threatened to kill me if I ever told," said Elizabeth Ann Murphy, a former student raped by Merzbacher in the 1970s at Catholic Community Middle School. "Well, I told, and he is in jail."
Merzbacher's could ask for a second review by the U.S. Circuit Court or appeal to the Supreme Court. It's unclear whether he will seek such a review, or whether either court would grant one.
The former teacher was convicted in 1995 of raping Murphy, and charges relating to 13 other alleged victims were dropped after Merzbacher was given four life sentences.
She hopes the court decision will bring to a close an 18-year fight to see Merzbacher kept behind bars. But she said her heart aches for several of her former classmates and Merzbacher accusers who didn't live to see the resolution.
"It is bittersweet," Murphy said. "This is a modicum of some kind of justice and peace."
Merzbacher was accused of threatening and harassing students, raping girls, sodomizing boys and forcing some of the children to have sex with one another, according to court documents. In Murphy's case, he was convicted in Baltimore of rape, child abuse and perverted practice.
Merzbacher, 71, is incarcerated at the Eastern Correctional Institution in Westover.
His attorney for the appeal, H. Mark Stichel, said he was disappointed by the decision. "I haven't had a chance to consult with my client to see what he would like to do next. Obviously, a petition to the Supreme Court is a possibility, but the decision will be his," he said.
News of Friday's ruling spread quickly online among Merzbacher's former students.
"Facebook is filling up with happiness," said Robert Duncan, 48, an accounting and billing professional who lives in Federal Hill. "It's just been consuming these last few months, and now it's just a big sigh of relief."
Duncan has accused his former teacher of verbal abuse, saying Merzbacher him an "idiot" and "stupid" when he was a young student.
Linda Malat Tiburzi, 51, of Brooklyn said she was overwhelmed after learning the decision. Tiburzi relocated from Boston to help fight Merzbacher's potential release. She has said in court filings that Merzbacher sexually abused her while she was a student between 1973 and 1976.
A criminal case concerning those allegations was dropped after Merzbacher was convicted of raping Murphy. Tiburzi later made similar claims in a civil suit.
"The first words out of my month were 'thank God and thank the judges,' " Tiburzi said. "It still has not hit home, because it has been such a long battle, but it will. I am ecstatic.
"I have the confidence that he will remain in prison until the day he dies. … If I could [give] one word of advice to anyone out there who has gone through what I have — what we have — never give up. Never give up."
The appeals court sided Friday with Maryland courts, which had ruled that Merzbacher should be kept locked up. A lower federal court later decided that Merzbacher should be given an opportunity to take a plea deal that his attorneys had discussed with prosecutors in judge's chambers.
The latest ruling turned on the state court's interpretation of whether the plea deal was definitive and whether Merzbacher would have taken it.
The appeals court judges said the state court was reasonable in finding that Merzbacher was "not credible when he stated that he would have taken the plea if it had been offered to him." The judges also noted that the deal contained a number of significant, undefined terms "of the sort that require substantial negotiation and compromise."