The names of 16 candidates affiliated with one of those three parties will appear on ballots in Tuesday's general election. Although they may lack the name recognition and fat campaign finance accounts of Baltimore's Democratic incumbents, they say they're running to call attention to problems exacerbated by decades of one-party rule.
"Far too often, people consider the election over in September," said Duane Shelton, chairman of the city's Republican Party and a candidate for City Council. "You need candidates who aren't part of the Baltimore Democratic machine."
Democrats outnumber Republicans nine to one in the city, and the last Republican mayor, Theodore McKeldin, was elected in 1963. But candidates from other parties say that the best way to challenge the Democratic dominance of Baltimore is to run for office, regardless of the odds.
Despite their different political stripes, many of those candidates share similar viewpoints on many of the city's big ticket issues: They believe the city should cease awarding tax breaks to big development projects, such as Harbor East or developer Patrick Turner's planned Westport project. They want the city to increase transparency and accountability in spending. And they question the necessity of publicly-funded projects like the planned State Center redevelopment and the youth jail.
"The fundamental issue is how the city raises and spends revenues," said Bill Barry, a Green Party candidate who is challenging Councilman Robert W. Curran for the District 3 seat.
Barry, 69, director of the Labor Studies program at the Community College of Baltimore County, said he would cut off assistance for big developers and devote the proceeds to services that directly benefit residents, such as repairing school buildings and keeping rec centers open.
"Fixing the schools is paramount," said Barry, noting that many families flee when their children reach school age. "People who have mobility and ambition are going to leave."
Barry, who has run against Curran twice before — never drawing more than 27 percent of the vote — criticized the city's current strategy for raising revenue. Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake has raised more than 60 taxes and fees over the past two years to plug holes in the city's budget.
Shelton, 42, is running against Councilman William H. Cole IV in the 11th District. He shares Barry's opinion on tax breaks for large developments. They also share the belief that the city should oppose the state's plans to build a juvenile jail in East Baltimore.
Shelton, a financial analyst for Johns Hopkins Hospital, said members of other parties question policies endorsed by the city's "old boys' network,"
"In Baltimore, we're the transparency, good government, clean government party, and I'm sure the Green Party, though we might disagree on many things, would agree with us on that."
Shelton, a Federal Hill resident, is critical of the Grand Prix auto race, of which Cole was a strong proponent. He complained that city officials have not been forthcoming about the amount of money spent on the race.
Shelton believes Baltimore should dramatically reduce its property tax rate, which is more than twice that of surrounding counties, to attract new residents and spur development.
Douglas Armstrong, 55, a Green Party member vying for Councilwoman Mary Pat Clarke's 14th District seat, says the legislative body needs to assert its independence from the administration and developers.
"The job of the City Council person is not to be there to make sure the developer gets his project," said Armstrong. "The job of the city council person is not to be there to make sure the mayor always gets her way."
Armstrong, who has worked as a producer and location scout on films and TV commercials for 25 years, is hopeful that residents of the North Baltimore district would support a Green Party candidate.
Lorenzo Gaztanaga, a Libertarian who is challenging council President Bernard C. "Jack" Young,, acknowledges his chances of victory are slim. In September's primary, Young, a 15-year council veteran, faced four other Democrats and walked away with 79 percent of the vote.