Maryland braces for Supreme Court decision on health care reform law
Brian England, owner of British American Auto Care in Columbia, said his health care costs dropped last year because of the medical loss ratio provision in the Affordable Care Act. (Kim Hairston, Baltimore Sun / June 15, 2012)
The 22-year-old diabetic is among the 2.5 million Americans who were allowed to stay on their parents' policies because of the federal health care reform law.
"I was definitely very scared about getting insurance after college, never mind staying with my same doctors," she said. "I feel lucky my parents have good insurance and I can stay on it."
Brand joins the many young adults, children, seniors and others already benefiting from the Affordable Care Act who worry that the Supreme Court will strike down all or part of it.
The court's term is nearing an end, and several decisions are expected, including one that could overturn the law. A challenge was brought by several states that believe its foundation violates the Constitution. Several lower courts were split, and during six hours of oral arguments earlier this year, some justices appeared to favor those opposed to the law.
At its core, the health care reform law mandates everyone carry insurance whether through an employer, a government-sponsored plan such as Medicaid or one of the statewide health care exchanges the law would create. The law essentially spreads costs to everyone and takes several steps to keep rising costs in check.
Specifically, the court is expected to decide whether all Americans can be compelled to carry insurance, a so-called individual mandate, and if the rest of the law hinges on it.
Supporters say everyone eventually needs medical care so it's fair to mandate everyone buy coverage. But critics maintain that that is what's unconstitutional.
In Maryland, where the law's implementation has been embraced, officials, advocates and providers already say they plan to push for reforms even without the law, though leaders including Lt. Gov. Anthony G. Brown acknowledge that it would become much harder and more "piecemeal" to cover the state's 750,000 uninsured residents and tougher to maintain every benefit for those with coverage.
"Maryland has always aggressively pursued reform," said Brown, who heads up the state's health care reform effort. "It would be my hope that we'd continue to be bold and aggressive."
Under the law, the federal government subsidizes the expansion of state Medicaid programs and offers tax breaks so small businesses and individuals can buy coverage on newly created exchanges that open in 2014. States have already received $1 billion to set up those marketplaces.
Initial projections shows about 180,000 people in Maryland would gain insurance through the exchange and 84,000 through Medicaid's expansion in the first year, according to the Governor's Office of Health Reform.
The exchange and Medicaid expansion could move ahead without the subsidies but other funding would be needed, Brown said. More than $400 million in federal subsidies was expected just for those on the exchange, according to the Hilltop Institute at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, a nonpartisan health research organization.
It's "probable" Maryland's exchange would operate without the law, Brown said, but there would be a lot of review and debate. Requiring the public to buy insurance in Maryland might be a tougher sell but "would be part of the conversation," he said.
Several states plan to go ahead with their exchanges even if the law is struck, said Joanne Corte Grossi, regional director of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, during a recent health care forum in Baltimore. Maryland leads the nation in preparing its marketplace, she said.
And while public support for the health care law is mixed, federal lawmakers also would seek a new law including some of its more popular provisions, Grossi said. "The horse is out of the barn."
A handful of insurance companies, including Aetna and UnitedHealthcare, said they will continue covering some of those provisions, including free preventive care, allowing children to stay on their parents' insurance until age 26 and eliminating lifetime policy caps.
"The protections we are voluntarily extending are good for people's health, promote broader access to quality care and contribute to helping control rising health care costs," Stephen J. Hemsley, president and CEO of UnitedHealth Group, said in a statement.
About 54 million Americans and 1.2 million Marylanders received at least one free preventive service through their private insurance, federal data shows.