Montgomery County is the only jurisdiction to file charges against John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo. But Hanover County, Va., plans to follow suit today, and at least one other Virginia county expects to be close behind.
"Law enforcement has been investigating the case under the theory that both men have shot at some point," Montgomery County State's Attorney Douglas F. Gansler said yesterday.
The federal government also could decide to prosecute the suspects under the Hobbs Act, which allows for the death penalty if murder is accompanied by extortion or other aggravating circumstances.
Gansler said extortion would be tough to prove in all the killings because demands for money did not come until late in the sniper attacks.
Gansler, who appeared nationwide yesterday on CNN, ABC and NBC, said his community has the strongest hold on the case.
Gansler said politics had nothing to do with his quick decision to indict, but he based his argument for a Maryland prosecution in part on issues beyond the law. He said he would not be doing the job the people of Montgomery County expect if he didn't move swiftly.
"Because Montgomery County was disproportionately affected, because the crime spree began and ended in Montgomery County, we believe the case should be prosecuted in the epicenter of these crimes," he said in a telephone interview with The Sun. "But we also have the best evidence because seven of the 14 shootings were here, and six of the 10 homicides."
Robert F. Horan Jr., the commonwealth's attorney for Fairfax County, where the snipers killed one person Oct. 14, thinks the case should be tried in Virginia first.
"Virginia has the potential of getting the death penalty on both defendants," Horan said. "Maryland does not."
Maryland's death penalty statute may also be useless against Muhammad.
The state's attorney whose county has put more defendants on death row than any other - nine of the 13 - says death sentences cannot be given to serial killers under Maryland law.
But shooting someone, driving elsewhere and shooting someone else is not the same incident, she said.
She pointed to a state Court of Appeals decision in 2000, in which a death sentence for a serial killer was overturned because the aggravating factor - robbery - was committed as an afterthought to murder. In Joe Roy Metheny vs. State of Maryland, the dissenting judge wrote that the reason the robbery was an issue at all is because the legislature "has not established serial murder as a death-qualified offense."
O'Connor knows this won't make sense to most people.
"The average, common-sense intelligent person would say, 'If you had a death penalty, of course this case would apply,'" she said.