The sentence, which came more than two months after a jury convicted Perez of five felony corruption charges, also includes three years of probation. No restitution will be sought, Superior Court Judge Julia D. Dewey said.
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"You violated a public trust."
Moments before he was sentenced, Perez addressed the court, vowing to make amends for his actions, which he acknowledged had "reduced the confidence the public has in elected officials."
"I will live with the consequences of my actions for my entire life," he said. "The city has suffered. My family has suffered. I have suffered.
"Each and every day for the rest of my life I will make amends and pursue forgiveness."
Perez resigned June 25, one week after a jury found him guilty of corruption-related charges that included bribery and extortion.
Prosecutor Michael Gailor recommended that Perez be sentenced to five years in prison. Gailor said the sentence should serve as a deterrent to others who might choose to engage in corrupt behavior.
He also recommended three years of probation and a requirement that Perez not hold public office during the probationary period.
"The mayor was willing to jeopardize the interests of the city of Hartford for his own personal gain," Gailor said. He called Perez's breach of public trust "the most significant cost" of his actions.
Prosecutors charged that Perez accepted discounted home improvement work from a city contractor, Carlos Costa, who they said needed Perez's help to hold on to a $5.3 million contract to reconstruct Park Street, a job mired in problems.
Costa and other witnesses testified during the four-week trial that Perez assigned Charles Crocini, director of capital projects in the mayor's office, to run interference for Costa and try to settle $1.7 million in claims from Costa for extra payments beyond the contract price, even though public works officials and an expert consultant said that most of the claims lacked merit.
The prosecution also asserted that Perez wanted North End politician Abraham Giles to be paid to vacate a parking lot on a sliver of land crucial to a developer's plans for a condominium and shopping center.
Attorneys for Perez, 52, said Tuesday that they plan to appeal.
Before his rise to the city's top office, Perez was widely praised for his work as a community organizer. He played a key role in projects such as the city's Learning Corridor, a campus of four new public schools.
With his history of volunteer work and strong ties to the community, Perez pledged during his 2001 campaign for mayor to bring about change in a city wounded by scandals and incompetence in schools and city hall.
"A lot of people were excited," said Hartford Town and City Clerk John V. Bazzano, who was city council president in 2003. "Eddie had a lot of energy and ideas."