There are Leola community members who, along with members of the Leola Board of Education, support the demolishing of Leola High School and the building of a new school.
Then, there are community members and a historic preservation advocacy group who want the three-story school to remain standing and be remodeled.
A multiphase improvement project, that included demolishing the high school building, was originally approved March 2012.
Plans are going forward to rebuild the Leola School. The school board's decision cannot be referred to a public vote because the project is less than 1.5 percent of the district's taxable value.
"We've just been actively getting rolling in the last few weeks," said Leola School District Superintendent Julie Nikolas.
Remodeling work has been done on what was once the home economics area to convert it into a kitchen.
Digging has begun where four classrooms will be added to the school.
The Leola Board of Education voted unanimously in February to go ahead with a plan to demolish the high school building, built in the 1930s, to make way for a new school.
A citizens' advocacy group called Leola Citizens for Change has been formed in response to the board's decisions.
Susan Berreth, who was elected to the school board in June, said she resigned because the board was not listening to the needs of the community.
Citizens are planning a peaceful demonstration Sunday to protest decisions and choices made by the board.
The new school project was rebid at the end of January, and the contract was accepted in February. The main contractor on the $3 million project is Tellinghuisen Inc. of Willow Lake.
Nikolas said the new school will comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act and meet the school's safety needs.
The entrance to the current high school building opens up into a stairwell that is not accessible. Nikolas also received feedback from safety experts on the plan for the new school.
The new school would be one story for safety reasons and ADA compliance, Nikolas said.
She said if the three-story school were remodeled, it would remain inaccessible.
Leola High School has been placed on the Places in Peril List by Preserve South Dakota, a nonprofit organization that supports historic preservation.
Kate Nelson, executive director of Preserve South Dakota, said historic buildings are placed on the list to bring awareness to investors and community members. The hope is to save the building, she said.
"We'd love to see the building used as a school or for something else," Nelson said.
She understands the concern regarding the construction of another school building, which is a community need.