Confit: What's good for the goose is good for a lot of other foods
When we think of confit, we think of meat preserved in its own fat. But other foods can become confits, acquiring intense flavor.
Tomatoes roasted beneath a blanket of bacon become a bright yet smoky confit, great with pasta. (Ricardo DeAratanha / Los Angeles Times)
Of course, even though it's been less than a week since I picked the first tomato, I've already realized I'll have to be more creative in the kitchen or that summer bounty will turn into a curse. So I decided to experiment. With confit.
The definition has evolved over time, but confit traditionally has referred to anything that is cooked slowly in fat . Originally, it was a way to preserve food. Now we do it just because it's so delicious. The method is simple: Immerse an ingredient in fat and cook gently to moist tenderness. Why fat? Because it imparts flavor. Amazing flavor.
Back in the kitchen, I halved a few pounds of tomatoes and arranged them on the bottom of a roasting pan. I scattered over a few cloves of garlic and some fresh thyme, and seasoned them with a few grinds of black pepper. Then I added a layer of bacon, slightly overlapping each strip to cover the tomatoes like a blanket. As I roasted the tomatoes, the rendered bacon slowly dripped down over them, gently infusing them with flavor. When the aroma was almost too much to bear, I pulled the pan from the oven and lifted the layer of crisp bacon. Roasted tomato confit. Using bacon fat.
Tomato confit is nothing new — there are a number of variations using oil — but when done with bacon fat, the flavors were fresh yet rich, the bright acidity from the tomatoes a perfect counterpart to the smokiness of the bacon, the garlic and thyme adding nicely to the harmony. It was rich enough to work as a main course, served simply over a bed of fresh pasta with a few shavings of Parmesan. But it also works coarsely chopped and spooned over crostini. It would be great tucked into a grilled cheese sandwich.
Confit is one of the oldest cooking techniques in the book. It's been used across cultures since ancient times to keep meat from spoiling. Cooks learned early on that if you store something under an airtight layer of fat, it lasts longer.
It also tastes good. With the dawn of modern preservation techniques, such as refrigeration and canning, some classic techniques have been lost to time. Others, such as smoking, curing, pickling and confiting, have stayed with us because of the wonderful flavors they impart on food.
"Confit" has most famously referred to the French method of cooking goose, duck or pork in its own fat. After the autumn slaughter, when the birds were fattened, farmers would "confit" all that meat over low heat for hours to preserve it over the winter. These meats were then used to flavor rich and hearty stews and soups, perfect for cold weather meals.
Today almost anything can be "confited" using a variety of fats. Variations are no longer limited to midwinter meals, and the cooking process doesn't necessarily have to take all day.
Try a riff on potted shrimp (shrimp gently poached in butter). Toss a pound of shrimp with a batch of charmoula (a North African spice blend of garlic, ginger, cilantro and lemon balanced with a little cayenne pepper and paprika) and cook them gently, covered with olive oil until the shrimp are opaque and firm, about 30 minutes.
Serve the shrimp simply over a mound of couscous or rice with a fresh squeeze of lemon, or toss them with a simple salad.
Most of us may think savory when we hear confit, but the method is just as applicable to the sweet realm in the kitchen. The word "confit" comes from the French verb confire, which translates as "to preserve" and "to candy." Food science writer Harold McGee mentions that it was originally used in medieval times to refer to fruits cooked in sugar or alcohol for preservation (hence, the word "confection").
To make a fruit confit, brush sliced pineapple with brown sugar whisked together with a little dark rum. Place the pineapple under the broiler long enough for the sugar to caramelize, then toss the pineapple with a simple syrup spiced with cinnamon, star anise and pepper and flavored with a little more rum. Gently simmer the pineapple just long enough to infuse the flavors and thicken the syrup. The confit stores easily in the fridge, ready to go, whether topping a cold scoop of ice cream or a warm breakfast waffle.
Just the other evening, I grilled a few slices of angel food cake (just a minute or so on each side — the grilling caramelizes the sugar in the cakes for great flavor) and topped each with a generous scoop of vanilla ice cream. Finally, I drizzled a spoonful of the pineapple confit over each serving. It was a definite showstopper.
Now if I could just find some way to combine it with tomatoes.