WASHINGTON — As the pitchman for his landmark healthcare law, President Obama promised to make buying insurance as easy as buying a plane ticket online or a "TV on Amazon." It would be simple, he said.
If there were problems, the president predicted, they would be "glitches."
And he said, "If you like the plan you have, you can keep it."
Such claims have come back to haunt the president and his allies less than a month into the launch of the online insurance marketplaces at the heart of his healthcare legislation. With the federal website hobbled by bad design and thousands of policyholders receiving cancellation notices, Obama's promises are not being met — prompting charges of deception from some Republicans and concessions from some allies that elements of the law were oversold.
The fallout is only the latest chapter in this White House's three-year struggle to sell the public on the Affordable Care Act, which could come to define the president's legacy. Since signing it into law, the president has variously defended it, promoted it, simplified it and hyped it. But polling shows he has never fully sold, nor educated, the public on the vast new government healthcare program.
Publicly, the White House continued Tuesday to defend the president's pre-launch salesmanship.
"The purpose here wasn't to do anything beyond encourage people to make themselves aware of the options available to them," White House Press Secretary Jay Carney said.
Behind closed doors, some officials who worked on the rollout say they wish they'd left themselves a little wiggle room. They could have done more to play up ways to sign up other than through the website, such as the call centers, said one official, requesting anonymity to discuss the planning process.
After taking heat from allies for not finding a crisp way to explain the complex law, the White House tried to boil it down to its simplest elements, the official said, and some nuance was inevitably lost.
The first administration official to testify before Congress on the matter apologized Tuesday, saying, "the website has not worked as well as it should."
"This initial experience has not lived up to our expectations or the expectations of the American people, and it is not acceptable," Marilyn Tavenner, the head of the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, told the House Ways and Means Committee.
Tavenner's agency oversaw the development of the site, intended to link consumers with affordable private health insurance plans that meet standards outlined in the 2010 law. Tavenner vowed that the site would be running smoothly by the end of November, in time for consumers to enroll before the new year.
But for the first time since the Oct. 1 launch, criticism of the administration moved well beyond the website's technical troubles. Hundreds of thousands of people who buy insurance on the individual market have received notices that their policies will be canceled or amended — and their premiums on new policies could rise.
The notices are a result of provisions in the law that created new minimum requirements for health insurance coverage sold in the individual market. Under the Affordable Care Act, policies sold or renewed after Jan. 1 must cover maternity care and mental health. They cannot deny coverage because of preexisting conditions, or charge higher premiums based on gender. Plans that don't meet such standards are grandfathered in — but only if they were bought before the law was signed in March 2010 and have not changed since that time.
For experts, these adjustments were a long-expected outcome of the law's attempt to regulate a market that some argue offered shoddy coverage and kept premiums low by discriminating against sick people. Roughly 5% of the population — or about 15 million people — buy plans on the individual market.
"It was always expected that once the clock struck midnight on Dec. 31, that the rules of the game in the individual insurance market would change, and that meant that policies sold under the old rules could no longer be offered," said Larry Levitt, a senior vice president and health policy expert at the Kaiser Family Foundation.
Although experts on the law expected the changes for that slice of Americans, the White House and the president continued to insist otherwise.
In June 2012, the president made that his first point in comments on the Supreme Court's decision affirming the law. "First, if you're one of the more than 250 million Americans who already have health insurance, you will keep your health insurance — this law will only make it more secure and more affordable," he said.
Critics pounced on the comments Tuesday, accusing the White House and administration officials of deceiving the public about the law.
Rep. Aaron Schock (R-Ill.) grilled Tavenner on the issue.
"The whitehouse.gov website says, if you want to keep the health insurance that you've got, you can keep it, and now they're being told they can't. That's a lie," the Illinois Republican said.
The White House noted that the vast majority of insured people, who get insurance through their employer or through Medicare or Medicaid, will not see any changes to their plans. Officials also argued that insurers have some leeway in how and when they alter the plans to meet the new standards. Many are offering new policies and also informing consumers that they may be eligible for subsidies through healthcare.gov.
"They want to keep these people enrolled," said Robert Zirkelbach, spokesman for America's Health Insurance Plans, an industry group.
Still, the issue is likely to continue, particularly as the website troubles keep the White House from countering the criticism with signs of successful enrollment on a large scale.
And Democratic allies acknowledged that the president could be more careful with his pitch.
The president's statement about keeping insurance was "not precise enough," House Minority Whip Steny H. Hoyer (D-Md.) told reporters Tuesday.
"I don't think the message was wrong. I think the message was accurate. It was not precise enough … [it] should have been caveated with 'assuming you have a policy that in fact does do what the bill is designed to do.'"
Sen. Joe Manchin, a frequent Democratic critic of the law, said the administration's "don't worry" mantra has worn thin: "Well, people back in West Virginia are worried now."
Times staff writer Michael A. Memoli in the Washington bureau contributed to this report.