Just as important, the network had reason to believe it had finally found a show that young men would watch and its own superhero franchise.
Now it seems that the helicarrier is losing some power.
The heavily marketed "S.H.I.E.L.D." — Marvel's first foray into network television since Walt Disney Co. bought the comic book brand in 2009 — drew more than 12 million viewers to its original telecast, according to Nielsen.
That figure grew to 15.8 million in the next three days as people caught up via digital video recorders and video on demand.
But the second episode fell sharply, and the show has posted ratings declines every week since, causing concern among advertisers and glee among rival networks.
Counting only people who watch on the day of first airing, "S.H.I.E.L.D." has lost about 40% of its total audience and half of its viewers ages 18 to 49, the demographic most cherished by advertisers.
The network has played up the fact that a large portion of the show's audience watches the episodes on DVRs and video on demand. Factoring that in, the trends look a little better. But those numbers also are on the decline.
The Nov. 5 episode of "S.H.I.E.L.D." generated a rating of 3.7 among viewers ages 18 to 49 in the live-plus-three-days category, but that still represents a 42% slide from the premiere.
"We hope that there is no more erosion of the current audience," said Roy Currlin, a strategist at Carat, a media buying firm whose clients include General Motors Co.
Young men, the target audience for "S.H.I.E.L.D.," have been bailing at high levels. The first episode averaged 1.5 million men in the 18-34 demographic. Last week's episode drew only 565,000.
The majority of those 18- to 34-year-olds who didn't tune in for the live broadcast don't appear to be catching up on their DVRs either.
ABC did not provide an executive to comment for this story. But a spokeswoman for the network said that the series is performing well against its time-slot competition.
This comes after a string of hits for Marvel at the box office. Its "Iron Man 3" is the top-grossing movie this year, with domestic ticket sales of $409 million. Marvel's "The Avengers" took in more than $623 million last year.
Its latest film effort, "Thor: The Dark World," has brought in $145 million in less than two weeks in release.
Although Disney's engine is cable television, its broadcast operations, which include ABC, contributed $5.9 billion in revenue for the year that ended in September.
Many TV critics and comic book bloggers have been scratching their heads at "S.H.I.E.L.D.'s" creative direction. The show, created by "Avengers" director and geek hero Joss Whedon, appears to have only a tenuous connection to the greater Marvel franchise, despite a brief cameo from the character of Nick Fury, played — as in the recent films — by Samuel L. Jackson. For example, the character Skye, played by Chloe Bennet, did not exist in the comic books.
In addition, the series tends to follow a procedural format rather than having an overarching plot that would provide momentum.
Viewers are also bothered by the series' biggest unanswered question: Just how is main protagonist Agent Coulson, played by Clark Gregg, alive after his fate in the "Avengers" movie?
Despite the ratings slide, ABC has ordered a full season of "S.H.I.E.L.D." The show is doing well overseas, so it may already be a financial success for Disney. But the numbers probably will have to rise, or at least stabilize, for the network to go forward with a second season.
With a view to bumping those numbers up, "S.H.I.E.L.D." is trying to parlay the success of "Thor" by working elements of the movie into the plot of this week's episode, which airs Tuesday night.
Times staff writer Joe Flint contributed to this report.