You need a treatment plan that outlines healthy meals, exercise and insulin balance. Here are some guidelines:
- Try to get diabetes under control three to six months before trying to get pregnant, according to the National Institutes of Health.
- Exercise can help keep blood sugar under control and helps balance food intake. Begin a regular exercise plan before getting pregnant and stick with it through the pregnancy and beyond.
- Losing weight before getting pregnant may help overweight women get blood sugar under control. A dietitian can help with a meal plan that will change throughout the pregnancy, advises the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
- If you're already pregnant, see your health care provider right away. Have a complete checkup at the start of pregnancy. Your doctor should check for high blood pressure, eye disease, nerve damage, kidney disease and thyroid disease.
- Check your blood glucose levels with a meter several times a day during pregnancy. Most health care providers recommend testing at least four times a day, according to the National Institutes of Health.
- When you are ill, your blood glucose levels can rise rapidly. Diabetic ketoacidosis, a dangerous condition for you and your baby, can occur. Talk with your health care providers about what to do if you get sick. Know what to do if you're nauseated or vomiting and how often you should check your urine or blood for ketones.
- Get contact information for all members of your health care team and keep it with you at all times. You will need to see them more often than pregnant women without diabetes.