Why It's Important to Manage Your Diabetes
But managing your diabetes helps your body digest and metabolize glucose properly so you get the energy you need to function properly and stay healthy.
Monitor your blood glucose There are two blood glucose-monitoring tools you should use.
- The A1C. Your healthcare provider administers the A1C typically twice a year to monitor long-term glucose control.
- Self monitoring (SMBG). Use your own meter to determine how your meals, physical activity and medications are affecting your blood sugar levels on a daily and hourly basis, which shows how to best manage your diabetes every day. Ask your doctor how often to use SMBG, how to use it correctly and how to interpret the results
- Diet: Load up on fresh vegetables and fruit, poultry, fish, lean meats and whole grains. Avoid packaged foods because they contain too much sugar, salt and fat. Follow your dietitian's or physician's meal-planning, portion size and calorie and carb limit advice.
- Exercise: Your medical team will determine how much and what kind of exercise is right for you, based on your health. Your customized exercise routine will help control your diabetes and reduce your risk of long-term complications.