The study, published in Neurology, aims to refine what we know about age-related cognitive decline. Starting in 2004, it tracked 4,398 Minnesotans aged 70 to 89 to see how that population's mental state weathered advancing age and to determine who was most likely to develop a condition called mild cognitive impairment—a greater-than-average decline in mental performance that often progresses to dementia, including the dementia of Alzheimer's Disease.
Alzheimer's disease is thought to affect men and women roughly equally or to be slightly higher in women, suggesting that at some point, women catch up with men. But the authors of the study suggested gender may play a role in how the disease starts and progresses. They suggested, for instance, that men who will go on to develop Alzheimer's may begin their mental decline earlier and experience a gradual decline in memory, while women who will go on to develop Alzheimer's may experience a more dramatic transition from normal cognition to dementia, all at a later age than men typically do.
The study follows one appearing in the same journal last week that found that for those whose engagement in mentally challenging activities was intensive, the transition from normal cognition to dementia, when it came, was very rapid.