Administrator: Welcome to our first nutrition chat with Susan Bowerman of UCLA.
Administrator: Here's a question to start:
Susan Bowerman: Dear Administrator: It's always best to get vitamins and minerals from whole foods.
Susan Bowerman: Foods provide much more than just vitamins and minerals, and so fortifying a drink that doesn't offer much nutritionally isn't the best way to get your vitamins and minerals
Administrator: Thanks, Susan. So, by the same token, do I need a daily vitamin?
Susan Bowerman: Dear Administrator: With our hectic lifestyles, and not always eating as well as we should, I think a daily multiple vitamin/mineral supplement is generally a good idea - for 'nutritional insurance'
Susan Bowerman: Also, some population groups require additional supplements. Many women, for example, are lacking calcium or iron in the diet, and can benefit from supplements. I think a lot of people can benefit from fish oil supplements, too, since most people don't eat as much fish as they should.
Administrator: But can one OD on vitamins? I knew someone who ate so many carrots her hands turned orange..was that dangerous???
Susan Bowerman: Dear Administrator: Certainly some vitamins and minerals can cause problems if taken to excess. In the case of your friend, the orange color on her skin was the result of the deposition of the beta-carotene, a pigment in the carrot that is converted to vitamin A, just under the skin
Susan Bowerman: But, beta carotene is only converted to vitamin A as it is needed, so in this case, even though her hands turned orange, it's not dangerous.
Susan Bowerman: However, people shouldn't assume that just because 'some is good', that 'more is better'.
Administrator: vitamin D's all the rage these days I hear.....how much should we be taking? I've heard we should be taking far more than people once thought we should
Susan Bowerman: Dear Administrator: Vitamin D is, in fact, getting quite a bit of press because we are realizing that it has health benefits beyond its known effects on bone health. There is interest in the role of vitamin D and cancer prevention, for example, and there will likely be a re-examination of the Daily Value recommendations. Currently, we suggest that patients take about 1,000 I.U. per day, which is not in the toxic range by any means, but in a range that we believe may confer added health benefits
Administrator: Thanks, Susan! May I ask you a question about dieting, now? I am trying to lose 15 pounds in time for summer so I can fit into my swimsuit nicely. What's a healthy, quick and painless way to do it?
Susan Bowerman: Dear Administrator, diet and exercise are, of course, the hallmarks of effective weight loss. Safe rates of weight loss are in the 1-2 pound per week range for most people. There are a few things you should focus on
Susan Bowerman: 1. Exercise should be both cardio - you should aim for at least 30 minutes a day
Susan Bowerman: 2. Diet should be rich in plant products - fruits and vegetables - and lean proteins and low in fat
Susan Bowerman: 3. You might want to try using some form of a meal replacement such as a frozen healthy meal or a protein shake made with protein powder, milk and fruit - this helps you to control portions and get control over your calories