Cancer: What You Can Do
Cancer begins when abnormal cells in our bodies grow out of control. Cancerous cells can attack skin, organs and bones.

There are many kinds of cancer. These tips focus on four types that are often associated with age.

Cancer treatments can be debilitating and the disease can be deadly. See a doctor immediately if you notice signs of cancer.

Skin cancer signs -- the ABCD Guide

  • A: Asymmetry. Irregularly shaped moles whose surface varies in texture and color.
  • B: Border. Moles with irregular borders.
  • C: Color. Moles that are black, brown, reddish or bluish.
  • D: Diameter. Moles larger than 6mm, and established moles that change diameter.

Skin cancer prevention

  • Stay out of the sun.
  • Apply sunscreen with SPF 30 or more before going outdoors.
  • Apply facial moisturizes with SPF 15 or more.
  • Seek shade and cover up with hats, gloves, sunglasses and long-sleeved clothing.

Lung cancer signs

  • Coughing, coughing up blood
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath

Lung cancer prevention

  • Do not smoke or use tobacco.
  • Avoid second-hand smoke.
  • Avoid asbestos and radon.

Colon cancer

  • Bowel movement changes: ongoing constipation or diarrhea; feeling like you cannot empty your bowel; rectal bleeding
  • Changes in stool: dark patches of blood, or stools become long and thin.
  • Abdominal discomfort or bloating.
  • Fatigue.
  • Loss of appetite or weight.

Colon cancer prevention

  • Schedule a colonoscopy if you are 50 or older.
  • Tell your doctor if there is a history of colon cancer in your family.
  • Eat a high-fiber/low-fat, low-cholesterol diet
  • Keep physically fit and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Do not smoke.

Breast cancer symptoms

  • A lump in the breast or underarm.
  • Armpit swelling.
  • Breast pain or tenderness.
  • Flattening or indentation on the breast.
  • Change in breast size, shape or texture.
  • Nipple becomes indrawn or dimpled; itches, burns, develops scaling, discharge or an ulcer.

Breast cancer prevention

  • Perform monthly breast self-exams.
  • Schedule a mammogram every year after turning 40.
  • Limit alcohol to less than one drink a day.
  • Maintain a healthy weight and eat a low-fat diet
  • See your doctor about weighing the risks of long-term hormone therapy for menopausal