There are many kinds of cancer. These tips focus on four types that are often associated with age.
Skin cancer signs -- the ABCD Guide
- A: Asymmetry. Irregularly shaped moles whose surface varies in texture and color.
- B: Border. Moles with irregular borders.
- C: Color. Moles that are black, brown, reddish or bluish.
- D: Diameter. Moles larger than 6mm, and established moles that change diameter.
Skin cancer prevention
- Stay out of the sun.
- Apply sunscreen with SPF 30 or more before going outdoors.
- Apply facial moisturizes with SPF 15 or more.
- Seek shade and cover up with hats, gloves, sunglasses and long-sleeved clothing.
Lung cancer signs
- Coughing, coughing up blood
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
Lung cancer prevention
- Do not smoke or use tobacco.
- Avoid second-hand smoke.
- Avoid asbestos and radon.
- Bowel movement changes: ongoing constipation or diarrhea; feeling like you cannot empty your bowel; rectal bleeding
- Changes in stool: dark patches of blood, or stools become long and thin.
- Abdominal discomfort or bloating.
- Loss of appetite or weight.
Colon cancer prevention
- Schedule a colonoscopy if you are 50 or older.
- Tell your doctor if there is a history of colon cancer in your family.
- Eat a high-fiber/low-fat, low-cholesterol diet
- Keep physically fit and maintain a healthy weight.
- Do not smoke.
- A lump in the breast or underarm.
- Armpit swelling.
- Breast pain or tenderness.
- Flattening or indentation on the breast.
- Change in breast size, shape or texture.
- Nipple becomes indrawn or dimpled; itches, burns, develops scaling, discharge or an ulcer.
Breast cancer prevention
- Perform monthly breast self-exams.
- Schedule a mammogram every year after turning 40.
- Limit alcohol to less than one drink a day.
- Maintain a healthy weight and eat a low-fat diet
- See your doctor about weighing the risks of long-term hormone therapy for menopausal