175 years of memorable, horrible, humorous and remarkable events that shaped Chicago
Chicago (Zbigniew Bzdak / July 1, 2011)
1883: Washington Park Jockey Club established.
1884: Washington Park Race Track opens.
1884: Construction begins on the Home Insurance Building, the first skyscraper at 10 floors.
1885: Potter Palmer builds castle-like home on Near North Side, which would lead to development of Gold Coast neighborhood.
1885: First female police officer hired, watches female prisoners.
1886: Haymarket Square Riot.
1887: Softball is invented on the South Side.
1887: Newberry Library is established.
1888: Adler and Sullivan's Auditorium Building is built.
1889: The city triples in size with annexation of the municipalities of Lake View, Hyde Park, Jefferson and Lake.
1889: Jane Addams opens Hull House.
1890: Aaron Montgomery Ward successfully sues the city to keep Grant Park open.
1891: Chicago Symphony Orchestra plays its first concert.
1891: In midst of bicycle craze, a schoolteacher becomes first local woman to ride 100 miles in less than 16 hours.
1892: University of Chicago opens for class.
1893: World's Columbian Exposition.
1893: Mayor Carter Harrison I is assassinated.
1893: Art Institute of Chicago moves into current building.
1894: Pullman workers go on strike.