Hampton University lost 6.3 scholarships in football and 0.28 in men's indoor track in the 2011 Academic Progress Rate data released Tuesday by the NCAA, mirroring a larger trend among historically black colleges and universities, which continue to struggle with the annual measurement of classroom performance and athlete-retention rate of Division I teams.
Norfolk State lost two scholarships from its men's basketball program.
HBCUs accounted for 33 of the 103 penalties assessed for the 2009-10 APR reporting year, a fact officials attribute to a combination of factors -- including lack of resources at the traditionally smaller, less-funded schools, as well as a high rate of turnover within the athletics department and at the presidential level.
Teams scoring below the 925 cut line in one year can face immediate penalties, while those with low scores for several years face tougher punishment.
While the average APR number for all athletes improved three points in the latest report, a record eight programs received postseason bans. Southern University in Baton Rouge, La., an HBCU member of the Southwestern Athletic Conference, became the first school to face postseason bans in two sports, men's basketball and football.
Since 2008, when postseason bans were first enforced, four teams have received that sanction. This year, the men's basketball teams at Cal State Northridge, Chicago State, Grambling, Louisiana-Monroe and Southern and the football teams at Idaho State, Southern and Jackson State face the punishment.
Nationwide, baseball and men's basketball teams each jumped an average of five points, while football teams improved their scores by two points.
Defending men's basketball national champion Connecticut will lose two scholarships for the upcoming season and was one of six BCS teams sanctioned.
Prairie View A&M was one of four SWAC members to miss the 209-10 cut line in football, men's basketball and women's basketball. School president George Wright, formerly a professor and administrator at Texas and Duke, said in an article published at ncaa.org that Prairie View doesn't have the resources of those BCS schools, and also serves a different niche.
"The mission of the University of Texas at Austin is to admit only the top percentage of students in the state of Texas," Wright said. "Prairie View is supposed to admit the best students, but also give some folks a second chance, and in some cases a first chance, to attend college. That mission is important. We're not going to have the same retention rate as Texas.
"I think the NCAA has got to understand the uniqueness of the HBCU and address that."
Morgan State athletic director Floyd Kerr said his university's new president, David Wilson, is leading the commitment to academics at the school.
"We are serious about it, and you will be serious about it," Kerr said.
Morgan State, like Hampton, is in the Mid-Eastern Athletic conference.
Messages left for HU athletic director Lonza Hardy were not immediately returned Wednesday.
The Pirates lost three scholarships in football in the 2008-09 APR report.