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5 | James Monroe
April 28, 1758 ~ July 4, 1831
Marriage: Elizabeth Kortright
Military service: Monroe served in the 3rd Virginia Regiment during the War for American Independence. He saw action at Trenton, Brandywine, Germantown and Monmouth before reaching the rank of lieutenant colonel.
Term: March 4, 1817 -- March 3, 1825
Vice president: Daniel D. Tompkins
Highlights of presidency: Enormously popular, Monroe was the last Revolutionary War veteran under arms to become president, and his time in office became known as the 'Era of Good Feelings.' In 1820, he delayed the Civil War by signing the Missouri Compromise, which admitted Missouri as a slave state, Maine as a free state and the Louisiana Territory split. He delivered a message to Congress in 1823, eventually called the Monroe Doctrine, warning European powers against intervention in the Western Hemisphere.
Did you know? On Christmas night 1776, Monroe crossed the Delaware River with George Washington, and at the Battle of Trenton, was shot in the shoulder. He remains the only president to have been wounded by enemy fire.