The team planned to visit Senegal before the FIBA World Cup later this month.
USA Basketball chairman Jerry Colangelo told ESPN.com on Friday that the World Health Organization's declaration of a "public health emergency of international concern" in the region caused the team to cancel its plans.
"I speak for all at USA Basketball when I say we're extremely disappointed we will not be able to visitSenegal," Colangelo said. "Our entire traveling party was very much looking forward to the experience."
More than 1,000 deaths attributed to Ebola have been recorded since March in Liberia, Sierra Leone,Guinea and Nigeria. Two American aid workers infected with the virus while working in West Africa were sent to a containment unit in Atlanta's Center for Disease Control for treatment.
"The circumstances just don't allow us to go," Colangelo said.
"Although the CDC does not yet suspect any (Ebola) cases in Senegal, the country's position as a neighboring country to Guinea and Dakar's role as a gateway to West Africa heightened our concern," Colangelo said.
"We remain committed to fostering basketball worldwide and in Africa and Senegal in particular and we are committed to look at further opportunities in the future to work with and support the Senegalese national team."