In the year since Exelon Corp. acquired Baltimore's Constellation Energy Group, the company has donated more than $300,000 to first-responders in the region. It is handing out thousands of free trees to Baltimore Gas and Electric Co. customers. It is helping fund energy-efficient homes for low-income residents.
That's much like the year before the merger, nonprofits say.
"They're carrying out their volunteer commitments at a very high level," said Elise Lee, chief development officer for United Way of Central Maryland. "Their corporate giving has remained the same."
That was the deal.
When Exelon asked state regulators for permission to acquire Constellation, the Chicago company said it would continue Constellation's recent levels of charitable giving for a decade. That would average $7 million a year in Maryland, Exelon said.
The state's Public Service Commission cemented the offer as a requirement, making it a condition — among others — of a merger that many, including Gov. Martin O'Malley, initially opposed. Commissioners saw value in maintaining the status quo, but they didn't bubble over with enthusiasm about the amount. In their approval of the merger last year, they said they hoped "that Exelon's charitable investments in Maryland will grow over time."
For local nonprofits, the status quo sometimes comes as a relief, even without adjustments for inflation.
When a sizable company is gobbled up by an out-of-town behemoth, anxiety ripples through the charitable community. Big corporations are often big philanthropic players, and they tend to focus their largesse close to headquarters. When Constellation was a stand-alone company, the lion's share of its giving stayed in Maryland.
A generation of consolidation in banking, insurance and other industries has left the Baltimore area with fewer headquarters and more back offices. The philanthropic effect of that shift isn't easy to measure, but nonprofit expert Lester M. Salamon said the concern over the loss of headquarters is not unfounded.
"When you look across the country at the communities that have really the most vibrant foundation and giving activity, they tend to be places that have significant numbers of headquarters locations," said Salamon, director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies. "I'm thinking of Pittsburgh, I'm thinking of Cleveland, I'm thinking of Chicago."
The headquarters effect reaches beyond dollars donated, he said: Executives join nonprofit boards, work on community projects and can use their influence to get ambitious revitalization efforts off the ground.
"They play a whole range of community roles that few people besides the CEO of a company can play," Salamon said. "When you get a branch manager, you can't get the same leverage as you can with the CEO."
Exelon's takeover of Constellation resulted in the loss of the city's only Fortune 500 firm. On the jobs front, Exelon employed 83 fewer people in the state than Constellation did as of last August, the latest numbers available. Many lost headquarters jobs were replaced by the transfer of other jobs to Baltimore from Pennsylvania.
Exelon is building a new office tower at Harbor Point and made other commitments to invest in the state, such as agreeing to develop up to 300 megawatts of power generation in Maryland, half of it from renewable resources such as wind and solar.
Patrick Rooney, associate dean for academic affairs and research at the Indiana University School of Philanthropy, said it is not typical for a corporation to give an upfront promise of a specific level of contributions after a merger.
But most companies aren't running a regulated utility that counts everyone in town as its customer base and requires state approval for a merger.
Good Jobs Better Baltimore, a coalition of community groups, labor unions and churches, argued during the merger hearings that Constellation enriched itself at customers' expense through electricity rates that were too high. The group proposed a much higher package of community benefits than ultimately was approved, including $10 million a year in Maryland donations.
That is the amount Exelon promised before later proposing $7 million a year, according to Good Jobs Better Baltimore.
Exelon said at the time that the $10 million figure referred to total Constellation giving, locally and nationally. Constellation donated nearly $7 million in Maryland in 2010, Exelon told state regulators.
Now, a year after the deal closed, Exelon officials say the company takes community involvement seriously in all its locations. They point to PECO, the company's Pennsylvania utility, as an example of philanthropic commitment.