Chief executives of publicly traded companies in Maryland and across corporate America saw their compensation rebound in 2010 as profits came back and the stock market recovered much of the ground it lost in the recession.
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Columbia-based MICROS Systems rewarded CEO A.L. "Tom" Giannopoulos with nearly $4.2 million in cash bonus and incentive pay after the company exceeded revenue, income and other financial goals during a fiscal year in which the company's profit rose 19 percent.
Those cash payments nearly tripled Giannopoulos' total compensation package to $7.8 million, from $2.8 million the year before, when he received no cash bonus or incentive awards.
"If we miss our number even by a dollar, you don't get paid a bonus," Giannopoulos said. "We exceeded all those [goals] substantially in 2010 even though the economy was shaky and even though the first part of our fiscal year was in really shaky business conditions."
David D. Smith, chairman and chief executive officer of Sinclair Broadcast Group, also saw a huge bump last year.
The Hunt Valley broadcaster more than tripled Smith's total pay to $3.6 million after the company went from a loss in 2009 to a profit of $76 million in 2010. Smith's salary package included a $1 million bonus and $1.6 million in stock options. He received no bonus or option awards in 2009.
Cash bonuses rebounded last year as executives met financial targets based in many cases on the profit and stock market lows of the financial crisis.
The increases come in the first year that shareholders at many publicly traded companies are getting a nonbinding vote on executive compensation packages. The so-called say on pay was part of the Dodd-Frank financial regulation package approved last year by Congress and signed by President Barack Obama.
Nationwide, total CEO compensation — including salary, bonus, stock options and other pay — rose an average of 28 percent to a median $2.8 million in 2010, reversing two years of declining paychecks, according to a preliminary survey by GovernanceMetrics International. CEOs at S&P 500 companies saw an even bigger raise: an average of 35 percent to a median $8.5 million.
Besides large cash bonuses, GovernanceMetrics found that executives reaped "windfall profits" — on paper, at least — as stock options granted at historically low prices in 2008 and 2009 began to vest last year during the market recovery.
But while executives were rewarded for better company performance, critics say that persistent high unemployment and widening wage disparities show that companies have not shared the wealth with rank-and-file workers.
"On hard economic times, when workers are asked for sacrifices, like cuts in 401(k) and other benefits, they look to their CEOs to see if there are shared sacrifices," said Brandon Rees, deputy director of the office of investment at the AFL-CIO. "When they don't see it, that hurts employee morale and productivity."
CEOs at the largest U.S. companies made on average 343 times the median worker salary last year, according to the AFL-CIO. In 1980, executives made on average 42 times the median worker salary, according to the union organization.
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act requires most publicly traded companies in the United States to provide more disclosure about executive compensation.
One provision that has yet to take effect is the requirement that companies disclose the ratio between CEO compensation and the median pay for all employees.
Rees said the ratio will show whether "there's a disconnect between the executive suite and the shop floor."
Some Republican lawmakers are trying to repeal the provision. A bill sponsored by Rep. Nan Hayworth, a new York Republican, recently received a favorable report in committee. And the Securities and Exchange Commission has yet to implement rules requiring the pay ratio.