WASHINGTON - The number of people who are missing and presumed dead at the site of the World Trade Center in New York rose sharply yesterday, to 6,333. For several days, the number had been reported to be 5,422.
Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani said the toll was raised to reflect the number of foreigners believed to have been killed in the terrorist attack last week.
People from more than 60 nations are thought to be among the victims. Britain alone has said it lost 250 citizens.
After more than a week of holding out hope of finding people alive in the ruins, Giuliani now says it is all but certain that no one will be found alive. A total of 241 people have been confirmed dead.
As Giuliani led 40 U.S. senators, including Sen. Barbara A. Mikulski of Maryland, in a tour of the rubble, the first of about 35,000 National Guard and Reserve forces were called to active duty.
The call-up is part of a "homeland defense" drive as the Bush administration plans military retaliation for the terrorist assaults.
The Pentagon said 5,131 members of the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve from 29 units in 24 states and the District of Columbia had been called up.
The order includes 100 members of the 113th Fighter Wing at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland, along with four of their F-16 Fighting Falcon warplanes.
The Air Force citizen soldiers are pilots and ground crews who will fly random combat patrols at 26 bases around the country.
Army special operations forces are part of the deployment, along with Air Force commandos who fly aircraft and helicopters and take part in search-and-rescue operations, officials said.
Special operations forces, the elite units of the services, include the Army Green Berets, Rangers, Delta Force and Navy SEALs.
Fort Bragg is the base of the 3rd and 7th Special Forces Groups. The Army base is also home to the most secretive element of the Special Forces: Delta Force, the commandos who specialize in counter-terrorism and assaults.
Officials say that Air Force special operations forces are also part of the deployment. Those commandos fly MC-130 cargo planes that can move troops and supplies into hostile areas.
The deployments involve about 100 aircraft, including B-1B and B-52 bombers, along with surveillance, cargo and refueling planes.
'Sustained land operations'
Army Secretary Thomas E. White said yesterday, "We have a very strong Special Operations capability in the Army, and I'm sure it will be used." He declined to discuss which units would be called.
The Army, he said, is "ready to conduct sustained land combat operations."
Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld said the military campaign against terrorism would require Pentagon planners "to fashion a new vocabulary."
"What we're engaged in is something that is very, very different from World War II, Korea, Vietnam, the [Persian] Gulf war, Kosovo, Bosnia," Rumsfeld said. "It is very different than embarking on a campaign against a specific country within a specific time frame for a specific purpose."
Rumsfeld also said the code name that officials used previously to describe the military campaign, "Operation Infinite Justice" would likely be changed out of concern for Muslim sensibilities. In the Islamic faith, only Allah can provide infinite justice.
Sports 'no-fly zone'
While the military planned for offensive strikes abroad, the Federal Aviation Administration enacted a defensive measure at home, declaring a "no-fly zone" within three miles of major professional and college sporting events. Several schools, including Penn State and Michigan, had asked for the ban.
President Bush spent part of yesterday afternoon in prayer. He asked more than two dozen religious leaders, who came to the White House on his invitation, to pray for him, for his wife and two daughters, and for the nation, in the midst of tragedy.
Those who attended said Bush asked for personal guidance and acknowledged that he has struggled to find a message that can convey to Americans the magnitude of the terrorist threat while assuring them that the nation's security is being safeguarded.
"I was impressed by his humility," said Joshua Haberman, rabbi emeritus of the Hebrew Congregation of Washington.
Bush also met with Prime Minister Tony Blair of Britain last night, dining with him in the White House just before going to the Capitol for his speech to the nation and a joint session of Congress.
Blair noted that America had supplied enormous help to Britain during World War II.
"Just as the American people stood side by side with us then, we stand side by side with you now," he said.
250 Britons died
Earlier in the day, the British prime minister arrived in New York, where he saluted the rescue workers and said he shared Americans' grief. At least 250 British citizens were killed in the attack on the World Trade Center.
The White House proceeded in its delicate task of persuading foreign leaders to endorse what Bush administration officials are calling a global war on terrorism.
The president met for 45 minutes yesterday with Prince Saud al Faisal, the foreign minister of Saudi Arabia. White House aides said the president and prince agreed to cooperate in fighting terrorism but offered few details about any Saudi commitment.
In the past, the Saudi government has not always been reliable in helping to track down terrorists. Saudi officials share Americans' revulsion for Osama bin Laden, who has said one of his objectives is the overthrow of Saudi Arabia's ruling House of Saud. But because of anti-American sentiment in its region, the Saudi government must be cautious in its support of the American campaign.
Stepping up the pressure, U.S. officials reiterated Bush's vow that nations that harbor terrorists would pay a severe price.
So far, the United States has not issued an ultimatum to the Taliban to turn over bin Laden by a specified time. Before any military action is launched, the United States is likely to deliver a final warning to the Taliban.
The purpose, a senior official said, would be to show the world that the American demands are the same as those made by the United Nations Security Council - that bin Laden be handed over.
The next diplomatic step in preparing for war will be the dispatch of a team of U.S. officials to Pakistan, perhaps by early next week, to discuss specific ways the two nations will cooperate.
The administration appears to be resisting pressure to expand its military plans to topple Saddam Hussein in Iraq, a goal favored by hard-line conservatives.
Thin Iraqi link
The only Iraqi link to last week's terror attacks is intelligence reports of a meeting between one of the suspected hijackers, Mohamed Atta, and an Iraqi official in Prague.
Some analysts, however, doubt that the Iraqi leader formed a relationship with bin Laden's group.
"The president has a clear idea in his mind and has given us our instructions as to how we will begin this campaign and what the focus of our efforts will be initially," Secretary of State Colin L. Powell said.
"When we have dealt with Al Qaeda, the network, and Osama bin Laden, the individual, we will then broaden that campaign to go
after other terrorist organizations and forms of terrorism."
U.S. officials reportedly relayed a message to Iran, through the Swiss government, responding to what they called "positive signals" from Tehran since the attacks.
The message welcomed Iran's stated opposition to terrorism but said that if Tehran wants to improve relations with the United States, it must end its own support for terrorist groups in the Middle East.
The delegation of 40 senators who toured the World Trade Center site for a firsthand look at the devastation was led by Tom Daschle, the South Dakota Democrat who is majority leader, and Trent Lott, the Mississippi Republican who is minority leader.
"We're here because we recognize this loss must be shared not only by New Yorkers, but by all Americans," Daschle said. The group pledged to help the city recover and rebuild from the attack.
Last week, Congress approved a $40 billion appropriation, part of which will go to help New York. The Bush administration has pledged to cover all the costs of the cleanup.
"I've never seen anything comparable to what we've seen here today, the magnitude of it," Lott said. "It's so important that we come and see what we're dealing with."
The Associated Press contributed to this article.
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